Boulevard

BOULEVARD BREWING COMPANY

“Founded in 1989, Boulevard Brewing Company has grown to become the largest specialty brewer in the Midwest. Our mission is simple: to produce fresh, flavorful beers using the finest traditional ingredients and the best of both old and new brewing techniques.”

“Boulevard beers, known for their full flavor, distinctive character, and unsurpassed quality, are currently sold throughout the Midwest and in select markets from coast-to-coast. The GABF® Gold Medal-winning Unfiltered Wheat Beer remains our most popular offering. An easy-drinking American-style wheat beer, Boulevard Unfiltered Wheat is the best-selling craft beer in the Midwest.”

www.boulevard.com

Year-Round/Seasonal:

Backroads Beers:

Smokestack Series:

80-ACRE: 90 Points

A Hoppy Wheat Beer

A Hoppy Wheat Beer

This American Wheat Ale has an IBU of 20 and is available year-round in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “With roots in two of today’s most popular brewing styles, 80-Acre Hoppy Wheat Beer is the result of careful cultivation by our brewers and cellarmen. Their efforts to craft a hybrid yielded a bumper crop of flavor; a delightfully distinctive ale with the aroma of an IPA and the refreshing taste of a wheat beer.”

My Description: When I first read that this is a “hoppy wheat beer” and is a hybrid between an IPA and a wheat ale I thought it was going to be a lot more bitter, but on the contrary. This ale is nicely balanced with a malty sweetness that definitely comes through with a noticeable bitterness in the finish but nothing like an IPA. Never-the-less, this beer is very smooth, easy drinking, and crisp making for a great Summer ale. It begins with a large, white colored head with a great retention level that holds the whole way leaving behind a good amount of lacing. The aroma is pleasant with notes of wheat malt, some citrus hops, and a touch of lemon. 80-Acre is light/medium bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a semi-dry finish. This beer has a plethora of flavors that don’t necessarily pop but come through nicely. Floral hops, wheat malt, some grapefruit notes a lingering malt sweetness in the finish blend well together and the aftertaste is slightly bitter. As the beer warms, some grain notes start to develop adding to the enjoyment. This is a nice beer and is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with grilled tilapia, light salads, or a vegetable flatbread.

ABV: 5.5%  Color: Hazy Golden/Yellow  Sweetness: 2.5/10  Bitterness: 2.5/10

HEAVY LIFTING: 94 Points

Lots of flavors

Lots of flavors

This IPA is available year-round in 12 oz. cans.

Brewer’s Description: “Heavy Lifting is our newest year-round beer based on our popular Tasting Room beer Mid-Coast IPA. Mid-Coast became a favorite among hopheads for its big, bold hop presence. Heavy Lifting takes that legacy further in fine style, exploding with flavor and a huge helping of five remarkably zesty and piney hops (Centennial, Citra, Amarillo, Topaz and Cascade).”

My Description: This is the IPA for those who love the hop flavors without it being overly bitter. It begins with a good sized, white colored head with an excellent retention level that looks like a pillow the whole way leaving behind a wall of lacing. The aroma is welcoming and citrus forward with notes of grapefruit hops, pineapple, stone fruits, and a hint of woodsy hops. Heavy Lifting is medium bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is slightly complex with delicious fruit hop notes like peaches along with some tropical notes as well. Bready malt notes help bring balance and hints of pine hops keep it interesting. The aftertaste is moderatley low in bitterness making this IPA more about the hop flavors than about the IBU. Overall, this beer is very smooth and a pleasure to drink. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with jerk chicken, fried shrimp, or a spicy salad.

ABV: 6.2%  Color: Hazy Gold  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 4/10

POP-UP SESSION IPA: 95 Points

Excellent Body

Excellent Body

This Session IPA has an IBU of 40.5 and is available year-round in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Boulevard Pop-Up Session I.P.A. joins its big brothers Single-Wide and Double-Wide in our trailer park of hop-centric beers. This “session” model is built for frequent excursions, with a very drinkable character and relatively low bitterness tucked behind a big, fruity hop aroma.”

My Description: When it comes to Session IPA’s, there must be noticeable hop flavors and bitterness along with a good malt backbone and a low ABV. This beer has it all. It pours a very large and fluffy, white colored head that lasts forever leaving behind a large amount of lacing. The aroma smells awesome with grapefruit hops and tropical hops dominating along with notes of pineapples and pine hops; the aroma is real nice and a great indicator of what this beer will taste like. Pop-Up is medium bodied with a moderately high carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is delicious with potent citrus hop notes coming through and a solid malt backbone to give this beer body and flavor. Faint pine hop notes, some malt sweetness, and a touch of tang add character and enjoyment. The aftertaste is slightly bitter making for a smooth finish. This beauty is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with burgers, Hawaiian pizza, or a BBQ pork sandwich.

ABV: 4.3%  Color: Golden/Copper  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 3/10

SINGLE-WIDE IPA: 92 Points

Boulevard Single

Great Blend of Hops

 This IPA has an IBU of 57 and is available year-round in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Boulevard Single-Wide I.P.A. is our take on a style that originated in 18th century Great Britain. This American version—inspired by our Smokestack Series Double-Wide I.P.A.—boasts a heady combination of six varieties of hops, some of which were employed for dry-hopping. “

My Description: What’s so interesting about this IPA is that it is like a hybrid between a West Coast IPA and an East Coast IPA. The hop selections give that juicy citrus presence along with some herbal and floral hop character; these blend beautifully together for an overall delicious beer. It begins with a large, white colored head with an excellent retention level that holds most of the way leaving behind a great amount of lacing. The aroma is welcoming and hop forward with notes of citrus hops, pine hops, herbal hops, and some pale malt as well. Single-Wide is medium bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. A light bready malt backbone holds up notes of grapefruit hops and herbal hops. A hint of pine hops comes through in the finish. The aftertaste is moderately bitter but definitely not a West Coast hop bomb. This is a great everyday IPA that is smooth, clean, and all components blend well together. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with Cajun seasoned shrimp, spicy fish tacos, or smoked ribs.

ABV: 5.7%  Color: Golden/Copper  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 4.5/10

UNFILTERED WHEAT BEER: 89 Points

Simple and sessionable

Simple and sessionable

This American Wheat Ale is available year-round in 12 oz. bottle.

Brewer’s Description: “Boulevard Unfiltered Wheat Beer is a lively, refreshing ale with a natural citrusy flavor and distinctive cloudy appearance. This easy drinking American-style wheat beer has become our most popular offering, and the best-selling craft beer in the Midwest.”

My Description: This beer grows on you. The simplicity, tasty flavors, and dry body make this an excellent session ale. It begins with a decent white colored head that fades to a film that lasts and leaves behind a minimal amount of lacing. The aroma is bright with notes of wheat malt and citrus notes. Unfiltered Wheat Beer is lighter bodied with a moderately high carbonation level and a dry finish. Wheat malt dominates the flavor profile with notes of orange peels with subtle spice undertones. The aftertaste is slightly bitter and finishes clean. Overall, this is a great session ale with clean flavor notes. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with pizza, smoked cheeses, or sushi.

ABV: 4.4%  Color: Hazy Gold  Sweetness: 1.5/10  Bitterness: 2/10

ENTWINED ALE: 78 Points

White Wine Quality

White Wine Quality

This Blonde Ale/Fruit Ale is released seasonally between May and October in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Entwined Ale is the first production batch of a test beer formerly referred to as Nelson. While the recipe was adjusted slightly from the original tests, the use of Muscat juice remains the focus. The juice was combined with pale malt in the brewhouse for a beer that is light both in body and in color. It was hopped exclusively with a New Zealand hop variety called Nelson Sauvin, known for its tropical fruit and white wine-like aromatics. This unique session ale has a refreshing, slightly tart finish.”

My Description: There is nothing bad about this beer but also nothing memorable. The grape juice addition is interesting but does nothing to get my taste buds excited. It pours a good sized, white colored head that fades to a film but holds most of the way leaving behind some lacing. The aroma is pleasant with notes of pale malts, lemon juice, white grapes, and some earthiness. Entwined Ale is light/medium bodied with a higher carbonation level and a dry finish that is crisp. This beer has an overall sparkling white wine characteristic in flavor. It is slightly tart with white grape juice notes. As the beer warms up and the carbonation begins to settle down, some light fruit notes begin to emerge along with some pale malt notes and some Nelson Sauvin hop notes. The aftertaste is minimally bitter but enough to balance out the beer. This is a good integration of grape juice with a beer but overall this is a mediocre offering. It is best served around 50°F and pairs nicely with a grilled salmon salad, coconut shrimp, or roasted asparagus.

ABV: 4.1%  Color: Light Straw  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 2/10

BOURBON BARREL QUAD (2014): 100 Points

Expertly Crafted

Expertly Crafted

This Quadrupel is released seasonally in 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Based loosely on the Smokestack Series’ The Sixth Glass, this abbey-style quadrupel is separated into a number of oak bourbon barrels where it ages for varying lengths of time, some for up to three years. Cherries are added to make up for the “angel’s share” of beer lost during barrel aging. Selected barrels are then blended for optimum flavor. The resulting beer retains only very subtle cherry characteristics, with toffee and vanilla notes coming to the fore.”

My Description: Boulevard has done an amazing job with this ale. The aging of this quad works wonderfully as the bourbon and oak notes marry beautifully with the yeast notes and full body of this beer. It begins with a large, beige colored head with an excellent retention level that leaves behind a good amount of lacing. The aroma is welcoming with oak notes dominating along with notes of dark fruits like cherries. Bourbon Barrel is full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is amazing and becomes addicting immediately. Dark fruit notes are prominent such as raisins, plums, and figs. Bourbon undertones and oak add dimension with deep malt notes becoming more noticeable as the beer warms. The alcohol is beautifully hidden and does a great job adding warmth. The finish brings lingering vanilla and cherry notes that delight and make for a great ending. This beauty is best served around 55°F and pairs nicely with roasted duck, grilled steaks, or chocolate desserts.

ABV: 11.8%  Color: Brown/Amber Hues  Sweetness: 3/10  Bitterness: 1.5/10

COLLABORATION No. 5: 90 Points

It's Tropical Beer!

It’s Tropical Beer!

This collaboration with Cigar City is a limited release in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Combining Cigar City’s expertise with tropical fruit flavors and Boulevard’s love of pale ales, Collaboration No. 5 – Tropical Pale Ale begins with a base of pilsner malt layered with Marris Otter, Munich, and caramel malts. Huge late hopping with a blend of Mosaic, Citra, Lemondrop, and Azacca lends bright citrus flavors. Freshly sliced grapefruit and passionfruit added at the end of the boil add a refreshing acidity and tropical fruit flavor and aroma.”

My Description: This is a nice collaboration between two great breweries; the fruit flavors really pop. It begins with a decent, off-white colored head that fades quick leaving very little lacing. The aroma is welcoming and it feels like I’m in the islands with notes of mangoes, pineapples, and grapefuit. Collaboration No. 5 is medium bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile follows the nose nicely but it almost feels like I’m drinking tropical juice with alcohol; the beer notes get slightly lost behind those potent tropical notes. Flavor notes of mangoes, pineapples, grapefruits, and citrus hops are apparent. The aftertaste is moderately bitter with a slight acidic note. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with coconut shrimp, jerk chicken, or spicy sushi.

ABV: 7.2%  Color: Hazy Orange  Sweetness: 2.5/10  Bitterness: 4.5/10

DARK TRUTH STOUT: 98 Points

Seductively Smooth

Seductively Smooth

This Belgian Style Imperial Stout is available year-round in 12 oz. and 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Throughout the ages, man has been fascinated by the quest for hidden knowledge, the search for the secret to transforming the elemental into the extraordinary, the simple into the sublime. Ladies and gentlemen, we present for your consideration this exotic, inky concoction, the almost magical creation of our modern day alchemists who have turned humble grains—barley, wheat, rye, and oats—into black, liquid gold. Layers of complex flavors slowly emerge from the glass: espresso, roasted fig, crème brulée. Belgian yeast provides a plum-like fruitiness, noble German hops reveal spicy, herbal notes, while the rich, velvety mouthfeel mellows to a dry, smoky finish.”

My Description: What’s so addicting about this beer is how smooth and rich it is. The flavors are polished and even though it is not big and bold, you still know you are drinking a hefty beer.  This stout begins with a large, dark beige colored head with an excellent retention that leaves behind a wall of lacing. The aroma is welcoming with notes of roasted malt, chocolate, ripe fruits, and Belgian yeast notes. Dark Truth is medium/full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is delightful and exceptionally balanced. Deep malt and chocolate notes are prominent along with notes of dark fruits like plums and raisins. A slight char note adds depth and a hint of tart reminds you that this is Belgian. The alcohol is beautifully hidden and the aftertaste is slightly bitter. A lingering roasted coffee note is the cherry on top. This Imperial Stout is best served around 55°F and pairs nicely with grilled lamb chops, tiramisu dessert, or a mild cigar.

ABV: 9.7%  Color: Black  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 3/10

DOUBLE-WIDE IPA: 93 Points

Tornado Proof

Tornado Proof

 This Imperial IPA is available year-round and is available in 12 oz. and 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “The classic India Pale Ale is a traveler’s beer, aggressively hopped to withstand the long, hot ocean voyage to the British East Indies. Our Double-Wide I.P.A. also travels well, and is right at home in the most exotic ports of call of the Midwest. While this modern-day prairie schooner may not resemble a graceful sailing sloop, our liberal hopping regimen does make her virtually “twister-proof,” with toffee and caramel notes balancing out the lingering bitterness. Enjoy this beer fresh to best appreciate the complex blending of hop aromas, ranging from minty to citrusy, with subtle hints of pine.”

My Description: This is an excellent introductory IIPA because it has a smooth texture with tons of flavor and is not overly aggressive. It pours a very large, light tan colored head with an awesome retention level that holds the whole way leaving behind lots of lacing. The aroma is hop forward with notes of pine hops, fruity hops like peaches, and a touch of mint; the aroma smells great and very inviting. Double-Wide is medium/full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. This beer boasts a strong malt backbone with some sweet notes and an overall warming alcohol presence. The hop notes don’t disappoint here; bright citrus hop notes burst through accompanied by notes of herbal hops and a hint of pine hops. This beer has great balance and a lingering bitterness that makes for an easy drinking experience. This IIPA is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with grilled lamb chops, apricot cheesecake, or gourmet cheeses.

ABV: 8.5%  Color: Orange/Copper  Sweetness: 2.5/10  Bitterness: 5/10

HARVEST DANCE: 95 Points

This will get you dancing

This will get you dancing

This Wheatwine is released seasonally in Winter in 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “John Barleycorn is memorialized in English folk tradition as the personification of the barley plant, sacrificed at harvest time and then reborn as beer or ale. Our Harvest Dance Wheat Wine is a celebration of John’s Midwestern cousin, wheat. Beginning with a large portion of wheat malt, we add an equally generous helping of Hallertau and Citra hops and age the ale on both French and American oak. The result is a big, warming burst of tropical fruit flavors, highlighted by subtle wine-like notes, and rounding slowly to a long, dry, oaky finish.”

My Description: This wheatwine is complex, it is fruit forward with big hop notes that delight. It begins with a very large, off-white colored head with an excellent retention level that leaves behind a thick amount of lacing. Big hop notes come out of the bottle immediately after popping the top. There are scent notes of tropical hops with melon stand out along with some floral hop notes and citrus hops. The aroma also has an overall woodsy presence; this beer smells great. Harvest Dance is medium/full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The beer has an overall white wine feel with tropical fruit notes dominating the flavor profile with pineapple juice being the main taste. This blends beautifully with sweet malt notes and a toasted oak finish. The alcohol is beautifully hidden and the aftertaste is moderately bitter, which is welcoming because this beer could have gone too sweet quickly. This is a flavorful ale with great drinkability. It is best served around 50°F and pairs nicely with a Hawaiian pizza, coconut shrimp, or a mild cigar.

ABV: 8.6%  Color: Dark Gold/Orange  Sweetness: 2.5/10  Bitterness: 5/10

IMPERIAL STOUT (2014): 95 Points

Complex flavor notes

Complex flavor notes

This Imperial Stout is released seasonally in 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Like India Pale Ale, the classic Imperial Stouts were originally brewed with high levels of alcohol and hops to withstand the rigors of a long sea journey, not to India but to Imperial Russia and the Baltic States. Our version is an over-the-top riff on the style, with a huge grain bill featuring several kinds of malted barley, wheat, rye, oats, and spelt. Robust grain and coffee flavors are counterbalanced by date and plum notes from the Belgian yeast. To add extra complexity and depth, this Imperial Stout is made up of a blend of freshly brewed beer and several barrel-aged beers, carefully balanced. Za Vas!”

My Description: There are many different grains in this beer along with the fact that it’s aged in whiskey barrels, yet it never feels like there is too much going on. This beer is smooth and clean. It pours a very large, dark beige colored head with an awesome retention level that leaves behind a thick amount of lacing. The aroma is strong and complex with notes of whiskey, roasted malts, chocolate, dark breads, and dark fruits like dates. Imperial Stout is medium/full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is complex and not one flavor note dominates the other, this beer is excellently balanced. Whiskey, milk chocolate, vanilla, and hints of char blend beautifully together. There is also some sweetness that creeps in along with notes of tobacco and cherries. The alcohol can be detected slightly and the aftertaste is moderately bitter. This is a great Imperial Stout and definitely warms you up in the Winter.  It is best served around 60°F and pairs nicely with roasted game meat, smoked cheeses, and caramel desserts.

ABV: 11%  Color: Black  Sweetness: 2.5/10  Bitterness: 3.5/10

LONG STRANGE TRIPEL: 98 Points

The Grateful Dead

The Grateful Dead

This Belgian Style Tripel is available year-round in 12 oz. and 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Lately it occurs to us that if, back in 1989, you planned on starting a brewery in the back of your carpentry shop, you’d been wise to seek out someone like Harold “Trip” Hogue. A collector of ancient Volvos, Trip was well qualified for the make-do engineering required to coax recalcitrant equipment out of retirement and into making the first Boulevard beers. Today, he is our longest-tenured employee. We offer this rich, golden Tripel in grateful tribute to dedication, everywhere.”

My Description: This a wonderful Tripel that is brewed in America. The flavor profile is spot on and the texture is pleasing. It begins with a large, off-white colored head with an excellent retention level that leaves behind a good amount of lacing. The aroma is inviting with notes of pale malts, bananas, faint fruit notes, and yeast spices. Long Strange Tripel is medium bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is dominated by yeast spice notes like cloves along with a grassy/earthy presence. There is also some pear notes and a slightly bitter taste in the finish. The alcohol is beautifully hidden and the texture is slightly creamy. The beauty of this beer is that it drinks so easy and is extremely smooth. The flavors shine through and the bitterness is held in check. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with Thai noodles, fruit desserts, or roasted vegetables.

ABV: 9.2% Color: Orange/Gold Sweetness: 1.5/10 Bitterness: 2.5/10

SIXTH GLASS: 97 Points

Am I in Belgium?

Am I in Belgium?

This Belgian Style Quadrupel is available year-round in 12 oz. and 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “”Do you know what dwells in a glass?” asks Ole, in Hans Christian Andersen’s The Watchman of the Tower. Better known for stories such as The Little Mermaid, Andersen wrote this short, cautionary tale for a somewhat older audience. Our quadrupel ale, also meant for the mature connoisseur, is a deep and mysterious libation, dark auburn and full-bodied, its sweetness deceptive. As Ole describes the glasses in turn, their contents become more ominous until, in the sixth glass…”

My Description: This Quad is brewed spot on with its Belgian counterparts in every category. It begins with a very large, light beige colored head with an excellent retention level that delivers a wall of lacing. The aroma is complex and smells fantastic with deep malt notes taking center stage along with notes of dates and other dark fruits, some fruity sweetness, and yeast spice undertones. Sixth Glass is full bodied with a moderate carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is also complex with a thick malt backbone holding up notes of raisins and dates, yeast spices, sweet candi sugar, and a hint of banana. Warming alcohol notes can also be detected but are not hot or fusel. Even though there is noticeable sweetness in the beer it is not over the top or cloying, a hint of bitterness in the aftertaste brings balance and makes for a delicious finish. This ale is best served around 55°F and pairs nicely with aged cheeses, roasted duck, or dark chocolate.

ABV: 10.5%  Color: Dark Amber/Brown  Sweetness: 3/10  Bitterness: 2/10

TANK 7: 99 Points

World Class

World Class

This Saison is available year-round in 12 oz. and 750 ml. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Most breweries have at least one piece of equipment that’s just a bit persnickity. Here at Boulevard we have fermenter number seven, the black sheep of our cellar family. Ironically, when our brewers were experimenting with variations on a traditional Belgian-style farmhouse ale, the perfect combination of elements came together in that very vessel. You could call it fate, but they called it Tank 7, and so it is. Beginning with a big surge of fruity aromatics and grapefruit-hoppy notes, the flavor of this complex, straw-colored ale tapers off to a peppery, dry finish.”

My Description: This ale becomes addicting at first sip. It is so smooth and flavor profile is delicious. It begins with a large, white colored head with an excellent retention level that leaves behind a wall of lacing. The aroma sucks you in immediately with pleasant notes of yeast spices, pepper, light fruits, and bread notes. This beer smells clean and even though the aroma is complex, it doesn’t feel jumbled. Tank 7 is medium bodied with a higher carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is just as complex as the aroma and expertly well balanced. Bready malt notes build the foundation with yeast spices taking center stage. Hints of malt sweetness and grapefruit hops can be detected and the alcohol is beautifully hidden. The funky notes and barnyard notes are subdued here allowing for the spices to shine through. The aftertaste is moderately bitter with lingering pepper notes that delight. This beauty is best served around 50°F and pairs nicely with herb roasted chicken, grilled pork tenderloin, or funky cheeses.

ABV: 8.5%  Color: Straw/Gold  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 3.5/10

TELL-TALE TART: 87 Points

Entry Level

Entry Level

This Sour Ale is available year-round in 12 oz. bottles.

Brewer’s Description: “Deriving its name from Edgar Allan Poe’s classic tale of madness and murder, our newest Smokestack Series release takes a predictably lighthearted approach to the subject of sourness. The subtle acidity of Tell-Tale Tart is answered by a soft, biscuity malt character, making this a sour ale that suggests, rather than announcing its tartness. Beginning with a bracing sharpness at first sip, the ale mellows on the palate to a smooth and faintly lingering finish.”

My Description: This is more of an entry-level Sour Ale because the sour notes are subdued and play as more of a backburner in the flavor profile. It begins with a good sized, off-white colored head that fades to a film that holds most of the way leaving behind some spotty lacing. The aroma is welcoming with notes of biscuit malts, floral notes, and light fruits. Tell-Tale Tart is light/medium bodied with a slightly higher carbonation level and a dry finish. The flavor profile is tasty with notes of pale malts, green apples, floral notes, a touch of berries, and some sweetness. The aftertaste is minimally bitter with subtle sour notes. Overall, this is an easy drinking beer that is refreshing and enjoyable. It is best served around 45°F and pairs nicely with grilled asparagus, veggie pasta, or a fruit tart.

ABV: 6.2%  Color: Orange/Amber  Sweetness: 2/10  Bitterness: 1.5/10